The complications of asthma change from daily routine interruptions to hospitalization and the most dangerous – fatality
Daily routine interruptions
Some patients with asthma will suffer from most symptoms of the disease all night. As a result, this condition can lead to severe sleep deprivation. Thus, chronic lack of sleep impedes the ability to function well at work and at school. This is also particularly dangerous when driving or operating machinery.
Asthma can prevent some people from participating in endurance exercises or sports. Consequently, not exercising will lead to risks to your health and weight gain. Not doing physical activities also leads to depression and other psychological stressful states.
Furthermore, severe outbreaks of asthma can cause you to take time off work or school. According to the American Society for Asthma and Allergy (AAFA), asthma is the leading cause for children’s absence from school for many days.
Reconstruction of the respiratory tract
For some people, asthma often causes chronic inflammation of the respiratory tract. This condition leads to permanent structural changes if not treated properly and is also known as respiratory reconstruction. It includes all changes in the cellular and tissue structure of the respiratory tract of people with asthma. These changes can lead to permanent lose of lung function and chronic cough. Possible permanent changes in the respiratory tract include:
- Airway thickening;
- Increase in the amount of mucous glands and increase in mucus production;
- Increase in blood supply in the respiratory tract;
According to AAFA, asthma accounts for half of all emergency rooms in the US. Fortunately, most people can recover even when they suffer from the most severe asthma attacks that require urgent treatment.
The symptoms show that you should go to the doctor right away:
- Extremely difficult breathing;
- Severe chest pain;
- Difficulty in traveling or chatting;
- Pale skin.
At the hospital, you can breathe oxygen through a mask or nose tube. You may be ordered to take a quick-acting medication or a steroid dose and be monitored for a few hours until stable. In severe cases, breathing tubes can be inserted into the respiratory tract to maintain airflow into the lungs until your symptoms are controlled.
Severe asthma attacks will narrow the airways. This condition can lead to complete respiratory failure and death if not treated immediately. The AAFA estimates that up to 9 Americans die every day from asthma. There are more than 4,000 asthma-related deaths every year in the United States. However, the AAFA also points out that many of these deaths can be prevented with emergency care with some appropriate symptoms.