Currently, hypertension in the elderly is quite common. However, experts have not yet determined where the cause of hypertension comes from.
The older we are, the more we are concerned with our health than ever before. You will have a series of questions like: "Should I worry about hypertension?", "How do I diagnose hypertension?", "Am I at risk for a stroke? What about heart attack? "," How many causes of hypertension? "Or even" What is the fact of hypertension? ".
Lifestyle as well as family history plays an important role in addressing these concerns. They also help doctors assess the level of danger of hypertension that you or your loved ones may be facing.
In addition, regular monitoring of blood pressure is likely to help you prevent hypertension from the beginning as well as serious complications later on. Therefore, start this habit as soon as possible.
Causes of hypertension in the elderly
When it comes to hypertension in the elderly, little concrete evidence is likely to explain why this situation occurs. According to a study published by the US National Institutes of Health, the cause of hypertension in the elderly has not been clearly defined. One theory is that hypertension is the result of narrowing of arteries caused by old age. Hard capillaries will interfere with blood flow, leading to heart pressure created to help blood flow throughout the body.
Because high blood pressure is a serious health problem for older people, monitoring blood pressure index is often necessary.
According to experts, the index from 130 / 80mmHg or more will cause hypertension. In particular, the numerator (systolic blood pressure) greater than 180 indicates that you are in danger.
So, the question arises: What is the cause of increased systolic blood pressure in the elderly? Again, the answer is still very vague. Although according to the National Institutes of Health, high systolic blood pressure is the most common type of hypertension in the elderly, experts have not been able to make a definite conclusion. Up to 65% of people over 60 years of age with high blood pressure have high systolic index. This means whether diastolic blood pressure is high or not, just high systolic blood pressure is enough to conclude that you are in high blood pressure condition.
Symptoms of hypertension
Similar to the cause of hypertension, symptoms of hypertension are also difficult to determine correctly. In fact, the American Heart Association (AHA) has come up with some points of view to correct the misconceptions that people often hear about the symptoms of hypertension.
High blood pressure does not cause headaches
A neuroscience study shows that people with high systolic blood pressure have less headaches. While medical researchers have not come to a definitive conclusion, they still believe in the hypothesis that high blood pressure manifests as a hardening of the blood vessels. At that time, it is hard for blood to circulate in the body, which leads to the condition that the nerve endings will not function properly or be less sensitive. Therefore, people will feel less pain.
Nosebleeds are not symptoms of high blood pressure
The American Heart Association notes that epistaxis is likely to be a coincidence in people with hypertension. However, nosebleeds may be a side effect of medications, such as ibuprofen or warfarin.
Dizziness is not on the list of symptoms of high blood pressure
In fact, dizziness is likely to be a side effect of antihypertensive drugs. However, the American Heart Association warns that sudden dizziness and imbalance at the same time are at risk of a stroke and need immediate attention.
Despite the fact that symptoms of hypertension are vague, the American Heart Association may still show some signs of malignant hypertension. This condition occurs when the systolic index is higher than 180mmHg or diastolic blood pressure reaches 110mmHg or more. Some symptoms of malignant hypertension include severe headache, anxiety, shortness of breath and sometimes nosebleeds.
Effect of hypertension in elderly people
The consequences of hypertension in the elderly are quite complex and serious. It poses a risk of rupture of blood vessels in the brain or eyes leading to stroke or impaired vision, arteriosclerosis negatively affecting the functioning of the heart and kidney. At worst, sudden death or heart failure is also possible.
Prevention and control of hypertension in the elderly
Here are some simple preventive measures that reduce the risk of hypertension for people who suspect they are facing this condition.
Reducing sodium absorption (salt)
As recommended by the National Institutes of Health, every day you should only use up to one teaspoon of salt.
Being overweight is one of the causes of hypertension. In addition, it is a prerequisite for diabetes and high cholesterol. The difference of a few kilograms can also make a difference.
Limit the use of alcoholic drinks
Limit the use of alcoholic drinks
Alcohol absorbed with a certain amount of calories affects body weight. Men should only drink two glasses a day, while women should only drink one.
Smoking causes damage to blood vessels, while also making them atherosclerosis.
Spending 30 minutes a day for physical training will greatly improve your health. You can do exercises like cycling, walking …
Some small measures can make a positive difference to your health in general and blood pressure in particular. Talk to your health care experts about your concerns as well as methods you can take to reduce your blood pressure.