The pregnant mother should learn about stomach ulcers during pregnancy to feel more comfortable and not to worry about the disease too much.
During pregnancy, if you often experience discomfort in your stomach, nausea, you may have stomach ulcers.
What is stomach ulcers?
Gastric ulcer occurs when the intestinal mucosa or stomach lining is corroded. Causes of corrosion are caused by acids and pepsin inside the stomach. In addition to stomach ulcers, you may experience some other gastrointestinal disorders during pregnancy such as:
- Vomiting and nausea
- Gastroesophageal reflux
- Irritable bowel syndrome
- Inflammatory bowel disease
Nausea and vomiting are common symptoms of pregnancy. In addition, gastroesophageal reflux disease is also quite common. In contrast, peptic ulcers rarely occur and seldom cause complications.
The cause to the illness
The cause of gastric ulcers is still unknown. Usually due to an imbalance of gastrointestinal fluid in the stomach and duodenum. In addition, gastric ulcers can also be caused by Helicobacter pylori bacteria (H. pylori).
Some symptoms of stomach ulcers during pregnancy are:
- Nausea and vomiting
- Severe pain in the middle or upper abdomen
- The stool is dark or black due to bleeding
- Losing weight
Diagnosis of gastric ulcers during pregnancy
Upper gastrointestinal endoscopy is a method to diagnose stomach ulcers in pregnancy. However, this method is only used when you have severe symptoms. Also, if you experience disease-related complications, this method will be quite helpful.
If you have stomach ulcers during pregnancy, your doctor will treat you in the following ways:
Your doctor will give you antacids because these drugs are quite safe for pregnant women. However, bicarbonate-containing antacids will not be used. The reason is that this drug can harm both mother and baby.
Your doctor will prescribe high doses of antacids containing magnesium, calcium or aluminum, if needed. Antacids containing magnesium or calcium do not cause any birth defects for your baby.
In addition, you can use natural methods to support the treatment of gastric ulcers at home to be safe for mother and baby.
Prevention of stomach ulcers during pregnancy
Avoid certain foods
If you have stomach ulcers during pregnancy, avoid foods that make the illness worse, such as:
- Foods high in fat
- Citrus fruit juice
Avoid using non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs or NSAIDs because they are harmful to both mother and baby.
Avoid drinking alcohol
Drinking alcohol during this time is very harmful to the fetus. If you have stomach ulcers, stopping drinking alcohol is an extremely necessary thing, because alcoholic drinks will make the condition of the digestive system turn bad.
Avoid cigarette smoke
Cigarette smoke harms lungs and developing fetus. In addition, if you have stomach ulcers during pregnancy, ask male family members to quit smoking right away if you don't want to experience "terrible" health complications that can affect your baby.