Regular supply of vitamin D to your body will help you to have stable blood pressure and be less likely to get hypertension than others.
Symptoms of high blood pressure
Symptoms of high blood pressure are often atypical, but it causes dangerous complications. Some complications that high blood pressure can cause include:
- Damage to arteries and heart;
- Reduce vision;
- Kidney damage;
- Coronary artery disease.
In a few cases, hypertension occurs in about 1–5% of people with high blood pressure. Symptoms of hypertension include:
- Severe headache;
- Shortness of breath;
Hypertension is diagnosed based on your blood pressure index. Blood pressure is measured with systolic blood pressure on diastolic blood pressure. Systolic blood pressure is the pressure on the arteries when the heart contracts and pumps blood. Diastolic pressure is the pressure placed on the artery between the heart beats when the heart rests. High blood pressure is when your systolic blood pressure is higher than 140 mm Hg and / or diastolic pressure is greater than 90 mm Hg.
Factors that increase your risk of high blood pressure
There are several risk factors that increase the risk of developing hypertension, including:
- Gender. Hypertension is more common in men;
- Family history. If a family member has high blood pressure, you are at a higher risk;
- Age. As you age, blood vessels lose their ability to relax, contributing to high blood pressure;
- Race. African Americans have a higher risk of developing high blood pressure;
- Diet. High cholesterol, salt and fat diets increase the risk of high blood pressure;
- Overweight or obesity;
- Lack of excercises.
Hypertension may be due to:
- Stenosis of arteries;
- Heart beat faster or stronger;
- Blood flow suddenly increases.
The role of vitamin D in preventing high blood pressure
High blood pressure is not a simple disease as we often think, so we need reasonable control measures. Studies have shown that providing vitamin D to the body reduces high blood pressure. People with higher levels of vitamin D tend to have lower blood pressure. Sometimes, your body can make too many cells in your blood vessels. The accumulation of these cells can lead to the formation of atherosclerosis, making it harder for blood to pass through. The researchers found vitamin D receptors on these cells and suggested that vitamin D could bind to those receptors. This helps reduce the risk of cells forming in your blood vessels.
In addition, providing vitamin D to health helps reduce the activity of the blood pressure control system. This system is called renin-angiotensin system. When this system is overactive, blood pressure may increase.
Overall, vitamin D is an important nutrient for health. You should add about 600 international units (IU) of vitamin D daily if you are an adult between the ages of 19 and 70. For adults 71 and older, the number will increase to 800 IU per day. Some doctors think that more vitamin D will benefit many people. However, the Institute of Medicine recommends that adults should avoid drinking more than 4,000 IU a day.
About 4 out of 10 people have high blood pressure in the world. You can refer to the above information and provide an adequate amount of vitamin D to help prevent the disease.