How does asthma affect the body?

Asthma is a chronic disease that reduces the quality of life. Asthma symptoms often start unexpectedly and affect the body.

Overview of asthma

Asthma is a chronic disease that causes contractions and inflammation of the airways in the lungs. This leads to shortness of breath, wheezing, chest tightness, coughing and breathing loss. Sometimes, asthma can even be life threatening. Although there is no cure for asthma, we can still relieve symptoms by taking medication and avoiding irritation.

Causes of asthma

Medical professionals are not sure about the exact cause of asthma or why some people get asthma and others do not. They argue that the cause is a combination of genetic and environmental factors. An allergen is the main culprit in asthma attacks. Allergies and asthma often go together, and the most common type of asthma is usually asthma caused by allergies. According to doctors, asthma cases are often caused by different factors in different people. These include:

  • Allergens in the air, including pollen, mold, dust and contact with pets
  • Infection: diseases that cause breathing problems, such as common cold
  • Doing exercises: due to physical activity
  • Cold temperatures: Cold and dry air can irritate the airways and cause asthma
  • Air pollutants and stimulants, including cigarette smoke, firewood smoke and chemical smoke
  • Stress
  • Allergies, reactions or irritation with foods such as eating peanuts, shellfish and some preservatives, such as sulfite
  • Menstruation
  • Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD).

Effects of asthma on the body

When responding to external irritation, asthma can cause airway inflammation, narrowing the bronchus and obstructing airways severely. Airway inflammation is the body’s response to stimulants and symptoms are swelling, narrowing of the airways and secretion of mucus. Bronchospasm occurs when the muscles in the air duct shrink and tighten around the bronchial tubes (breathing tubes in the lungs). Mucus or fluid secreted by the reaction can clog the airway and make breathing more difficult.


Asthma can be controlled by avoiding the factors that make you irritate and taking medicine. Not all people with asthma take the same medicine and there are many treatment options to meet each individual needs. According to doctors, there are drugs that treat both long-term and short-term asthma, inhaling or tablet-based medications. One of the most common treatments for asthma is absorbed albuterol sulfate.

Albuterol is a short-term control method, treating symptoms when you have an asthma attack. It is classified as a bronchodilator, which means it allows you to breathe more easily by relaxing and expanding the airway. Other treatments include corticosteroids in tablets.

Steroids are a long-term treatment that helps you avoid respiratory infections. Asthma attacks which are still not effectively treated at home can be life threatening, so go to see your doctor for treatment as soon as possible.

At the same time, you can use a nasal aspirator, a machine that helps to transfer medicines from liquid to vapor, as a short-term treatment.

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