Fatty liver, if not detected early, can lead to cirrhosis, liver cancer and ultimately your life threatening condition. Therefore, you should carefully understand the disease as well as the complications to be able to quickly reverse the risk of cancer.
Fatty liver disease is becoming increasingly popular in many parts of the world, affecting about 2% of people worldwide. This is a condition associated with obesity, type 2 diabetes and other disorders characterized by insulin resistance. If untreated fatty liver can progress to more serious liver disease and other health problems.
Fatty liver occurs when too much fat accumulates in liver cells. Although there is usually a small amount of fat in these cells, the liver is considered to be fatty if the fat percentage accounts for more than 5% of the liver weight. Fatty liver is divided into 3 stages including:
• Stage 1: The rate of liver fat accounts for 5-10% of the total weight. The patient has few specific symptoms.
• Stage 2: The percentage of liver fat accounts for 10-20% of the total weight. The patient may experience symptoms of anorexia, bloating, nausea and always feel tired.
• Stage 3: The percentage of liver fat accounts for more than 30%. The patient may have jaundice, yellow eyes, weight loss, loss of appetite, fatigue, right lower quadrant pain …
Causes of fatty liver
There are 6 causes that can cause or contribute to aggravation of fatty liver including:
• Obesity: Overweight obesity can promote fat storage in the liver. When the body regularly receives triglyceride fat to exceed the threshold, there is an accumulation, not metabolic, causing fatty liver. In addition, excessive consumption of calories will cause the body to store in the form of triglycerides.
• Insulin resistance: Insulin hormone helps muscles, tissues take blood sugar to energize and support the liver to store excess glucose. Insulin resistance causes this hormone to not work properly, causing an increase in excess fat stored in the liver and a risk of hepatitis or even cirrhosis.
• Metabolic syndrome: This is one of the causes of non-alcoholic fatty liver. Metabolic syndrome is a combination of risk factors for two cardiovascular diseases and type 2 diabetes.
• High-fat diet: High levels of fat, triglycerides and bad cholesterol are common causes of fatty liver. When the body becomes insulin resistant, the liver starts taking fatty acids from the blood. Therefore, these fats begin to accumulate in the liver as stored fat, thereby developing into fatty liver disease.
• Drinking alcohol regularly: 90% of people regularly use alcohol with fatty liver. When alcohol enters the body only about 10% is excreted through the urine, breath and sweat, the remaining 90% will come straight to the liver. The liver’s ability to filter is limited, when overloading will affect the liver badly, causing fatty liver, hepatitis, cirrhosis.
• Nutrient deficiencies: Excessive dieting can make your body feel hungry, leading to low blood sugar, which causes your body to break down fat to provide energy for the body. When fat dissolves, a lot of fatty acids in the blood lead to fat accumulation in the liver. Undernutrition also lacks amino acids that transport fat, and the body cannot move triglycerides into liver cells, leading to fatty liver.
The main causes of fatty liver stemming from unhealthy eating habits and the lack of scientific lifestyle of patients.
Symptoms of fatty liver
Common symptoms of fatty liver disease include:
• Always feeling hungry and appetite: The first symptom of fatty liver is always the appetite, especially sweet. This causes the patient to eat a lot of starchy, sugar-rich foods, from which the body will accumulate fat in the liver and hurt the liver, and the health will seriously decline.
• Many abdominal fat: In overweight and obese people, there is a high risk of fatty liver disease. Body mass index (BMI) greater than 30 will often increase waist size, this is a high risk factor for fatty liver. This condition can lead to diabetes, high blood pressure, heart attack and stroke.
• High cholesterol: High levels of fat in the blood signal that the liver is in excess fat. The liver also produces cholesterol and pushes it into the bloodstream. Therefore, when eating high-fat foods, the liver releases more fat in the body and increases cholesterol.
• Always tired: Fatty liver disease with unclear symptoms and silently progressing, you can only detect if you have a blood test or liver biopsy. However, once the disease progresses to cirrhosis, you may experience signs such as fatigue and a feeling of weakness.
• Pain in the upper right abdomen: Fatty liver causes fluid to start accumulating in the abdomen, an infection will cause abdominal pain with anorexia symptoms, loss of appetite.
• Jaundice, yellowing of the eyes: When the liver function is impaired, toxins are not eliminated and accumulated in the body. Yellow waste called bilirubin is produced in bile and processed in the liver. When there is too much bilirubin in the blood, it can leak into tissues such as skin and eyes, causing jaundice and yellow eyes.
Symptoms of fatty liver usually appear only when the disease is very severe, so you need to have regular health checks and treatment methods and prevent fatty liver accordingly.
Complications of fatty liver
Fatty liver disease that is not treated promptly and properly can lead to complications such as:
• Hepatitis: The untreated fatty liver condition will keep the disease from growing, causing the liver to work continuously, leading to hepatitis that makes treatment difficult.
• Cirrhosis: This condition is also considered to be due to advanced hepatitis causing cirrhosis. Cirrhosis is often difficult to cure and causes serious complications for the body.
• Liver cancer: At this stage, treatment aims to control symptoms and prolong the life of the patient.
Complications from fatty liver are very dangerous, especially liver cancer. Therefore, you need timely prevention and treatment methods.